Encyclopedia of historical weapons - Gladius

The Legions patterned their short swords after those of the Spanish Celts. The historian, Polybius, says they were introduced into the army during the second Punic War. The Gladius of Caesar's time until Tiberius had a slight curve in the edge of the blade. The Fulham type and the Pompeii type had edges which were completely parallel. This sword was intended as a thrusting weapon. This was the best way to use a sword in tight formation. Using the sword in a slashing motion would cause the soldier to open his side to attack. The Gladius was replaced by the traditional long swords of the barbarians in the late empire.

 

Encyclopedia of historical weapons

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Lance rest
A support for the lance when couched; this was bolted to the right side of the breastplate and was often hinged.
Surcoat
Also overcoat. Long, tunic-like piece of cloth worn over armor to keep the dirt, rain and sun heat out and present the…
Falcata
Forward-curving single-edged sword.
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